Learning Goal

Students will learn the value and form of an effective apology.

Learning Objectives

By the end of the lessons, students will be able to:

  • Identify the benefits of apologizing
  • Identify when an apology is ill-timed, inauthentic, or incomplete
  • Use suggested steps for making an effective apology

Learning Summary

Children can struggle to apologize, especially if they’ve never been taught how to do it. This lesson teaches students five steps to apologize: 1) calm down and think; 2) say what you did and why it hurt the other person; 3) ask how you can fix things and say how you’ll do better next time; 4) say you hope they can forgive you; and
5) give the person time to feel better.

The Mindful Moment starts with a breathing technique in which students trace their hand while breathing in and out slowly. The lesson then starts with a discussion of why apologies are important. While students will likely recognize that they’re part of repairing harm done to someone, there are also benefits to the apologizer. After having students intuitively show effective and ineffective apologies, you’ll review the steps of apologizing. (Note, if your class or school has their own apology or restorative justice system, use that in place of the 5 steps we suggest.) If time, you’ll have students practice apologies for different scenarios and evaluate one another’s apologies. Students then end by reflecting in their journals on the apology steps.

CASEL Competencies

Social awareness: The ability to take the perspective of and empathize with others, including those from diverse backgrounds and cultures. The ability to understand social and ethical norms for behavior and to recognize family, school, and community resources and supports.

Relationship skills: The ability to establish and maintain healthy and rewarding relationships with diverse individuals and groups. The ability to communicate clearly, listen well, cooperate with others, resist inappropriate social pressure, negotiate conflict constructively, and seek and offer help when needed.